百利天下出国考试 > 托福 > 托福机经 > 2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经预测

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[百利机经] 2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经预测

信息来源: 百利天下出国考试 发布时间:2017-09-09 直达下载地址

摘要:2017年9月23日和24日托福考试阅读机经预测,适用于这两次托福考试。阅读机经主要包括历年可再考真题,有答案解析,考生在考前一定多做一些真题。此外还有经典加试和阅读词汇题汇总。

关键词:2017年9月23日托福考试阅读机经预测,2017年9月24日托福考试阅读机经预
机经内容:

  从2015-2017年不断改革和优化过程中,百利机经命中率已经从33%提升到92.3%,机经也变成包括范文、答题思路、背景知识、学术场景、常考词汇在内的一份实用性资料。本文给考生带来2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经预测。百利天下为考生准备了实用的真题测练、经典加试,以及历年高频词汇题汇总。机经内容非常完整,有英文原文、答案和解析内容。下面是2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经预测部分内容展示,获取完整机经内容,请登录后直接下载。

  托福阅读机经简介:

  托福机经从近年阅读真题测练、阅读必考的词汇题、常见经典加试题等三部分出发,给考生考前进行一次实际性地充电和提高。阅读真题是指2017年之前考过的阅读真题,真实还原全英文完整文章、题目、答案。考生可以利用这部分做测试和练习使用,直接接触近期考题,让你更熟悉托福阅读考生难度。托福阅读词汇题是必考题目,而且每一篇文章都会涉及3-4题来考查,因此积累词汇是有必要的。词汇来自2015-2017年托福考试阅读中出现的词汇题,确保能够将托福阅读词汇题一网打尽。阅读词汇题是按照“词汇+同义词+释义”的形式,考生记忆的时候更加方便。

  2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经之真题测练(部分内容):

  2015-9-15CN Sumerian Contributions

  Before about 4500 B.C., lower Mesopotamia, the whole plain between and on either side of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, was much less densely populated than other inhabited regions of the Near and Middle East. Each year the two great rivers were swollen with the winter snows of the northern mountains, and each year at flood stage they spread a thick layer of immensely fertile silt across the flood plain where they approached the Persian Gulf. But without domestic animals and beasts, this swampy delta was not suited to the primitive hoe-centric tilling culture of early agriculture. Besides, the Tigris-Euphrates plain lacked minerals and trees. However, it was in this unpromising area, between 3500 and 3000 B. C., that agricultural settlers created wealth of city-states that constituted Sumer, of which the best known is Ur. The Sumerians appeared at the dawn of history as a fully developed society with a technology and organization that was distinct from and superior to other societies of the time. Even civilization itself seems to have stemmed from this alien and mysterious people.

  This delta, a land of swamps rich in fish, wildlife, and date palms, was the most challenging and rewarding of the three natural units into which the river valleys were divided. Reasons for their being challenging lie in that the rivers not only sustained life, but they also destroyed it with frequent floods that ravaged entire cities. Although land nearer to the rivers was fertile and good for crops, portions of land farther from the water were dry and largely uninhabitable. Therefore, the development of drainage and irrigation systems was essential for Sumerians to harness the full productivity of this land which in turn required a large and well-disciplined workforce, as well as skilled management and supervision—the latter were supplied by a class of priests and warriors who ruled a large population of peasants and artisans.

  The economy that sustained the people of Sumer relied on agriculture and trade. To support agriculture, Sumerians created sophisticated water transport systems that would both irrigate crops during dry periods and control flooding during the spring. This water management enabled them to build up a food surplus for trading. They exchanged barley and wheat to supplement a scarcity of stone and lumber, as well as copper and bronze, thereby contributing to the diffusion of Sumerian civilization. In Sumerian cities, stone imported by sea through the Persian Gulf from Oman and downriver from the mountains of Anatolia and the Caucasus had to compete with imported copper, and the latter proved more economical and effective for a variety of uses. Sumerians would have plowed with stone and cut with clay sickles and Went on to using metal plows with the development of metal-working skills.

  One of the greatest accomplishments of the Sumerian people was the invention of a writing system, likely growing out of commercial record keeping. Each Sumerian city rose up around the shrine of a local god. As a reflection of a city’s wealth, its temple became an elaborate structure. Both economic and religious organizations centered on the temple of the local patron deity, represented by a priestly hierarchy, in which a corporation run by priests became the greatest landowners among the Sumerians. Common Sumerians remained illiterate and without power, while kings, once elected by common people, became monarchs. Common people were obliged to pay taxes to the government in the form of a percentage of their crops, which the city could either sell or use to feed its soldiers and others it supported. In order to keep records of the sources and uses of this tribute, simple pictographs on clay tablets appeared sometime before 3000 B.C. By about 2800 B.C., the pictographs had been stylized into the system of writing known as cuneiform, a distinctive characteristic of Mesopotamian civilization. It is one of the few examples in history of a significant innovation from a bureaucratic organization.

  Whether the Sumerians were the first to develop writing is uncertain, but theirs is the oldest known system of writing. The clay tablets on which they wrote were very durable when baked. Archaeologists have dug up many thousands of them—some dated earlier than 3000 B.C. The cuneiform texts recorded messages and historical events as well as commercial transactions. They evolved into producing written sagas such as the Epic of Gilgamesht the world's oldest surviving literary work.

  2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经之经典加试(部分内容):

  威尼斯盐业

  第一段:威尼斯原本也是产盐的,但是产fine salt 经验,但是需要粗盐coarse salt的时候,就要进口;以及有一次天灾,产盐区1/3都受到影响,所以要import,(问什么时候要进口,双选)。

  第二段:X给盐商补偿金subsidy,(好像这里有一个指代题)这个补偿金后来越来越高,商人宁愿花高价去收购盐,以获得它。补偿金enable商人从东地中海eastern Mediterranean进口印度香料spice,以及rice,再贩卖到西欧。(有问他们为什么愿意花高价买盐)。说香料和米利润高,于是威尼斯就发达了。

  第三段:和中国**不一样,威尼斯官方不拥有盐,但是对盐业起到调节作用。(此处有问中国是什么样的。我选的是官方是拥有盐的,并且对盐业调节)。威尼斯给商人发牌照license,还制定盐的价格,要求在哪里买等。它们还负责maintain一些建筑(此处有一个词汇题,是形容建筑的。选项一是numerous, 二是magnificent)。(又有一问,是排除列举题,问一下哪一个不是威尼斯**的职能。我选的是permit商人制定的价格。貌似价格是**定的。其他三个选项是:发牌照;定价格;保护建筑)

  第四段:说他们的生意越做越大,从哪里到哪里(range from……to…..这个貌似是插入题)。

  第五段:威尼斯很注重它们的reputation重视state,签订contract合同。合同里规定stipulate(词汇题,选项为require; assume; suggest) 威尼斯是它们的唯一供应商。

  第六段:好像有一次希腊那边供给出了问题,威尼斯还是履行了合同,就是为了维护他的市场。(有考到词汇题ruthlessly无情地;答案应该是without mercy) 威尼斯还有了自己的舰队,也是为了让大家conform with。(有问关于舰队的题目,问为什么提到它。好像是因为它也是一种手段)。

  2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经之词汇汇总(部分内容):

experiment with try to 进行试验,实用
explicit clear stated 直率的
feat achievement 功绩,成就
feature aspect 方面,特点
fluid liquid 液体
hasten speed up 加速,赶快
herbivore animal who eats grass 食草动物
identifiable recognizable 可识别的
inadvertently accidentally 意外地,无心地
inanimate lifeless 无生命的
ingenious comprehensive 有独创性的,综合性的
ingestion swallowing 吸收,提取
inherent built-in 固有的,内在的
inhospitable unlikely 不适宜的,不可能的
install put in place 安装
integrated combined 综合性的,完整的
integration unit 集成,综合
isolate separate 孤立的,分开
manageable easy to handle 易管理的
manipulate handle 操纵;操作
mobilize put into action 动员,调动

  以上就是2017年9月23&24日托福考试阅读机经预测,点击文档登录后下载获取完整托福机经内容。希望考生能够抽出更多时间来准备和练习这些真题,做好充分准备。托福考试真题、经典加试,以及托福阅读词汇题等都是考生在平时可以积累并且攻克的得分点,希望考生提前使用托福考试机经,做好充分准备。

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2017年9月23&24日托福阅读机经之高频词汇.pdf 2017年9月23&24日托福阅读机经之经典加试.pdf 2017年9月23&24日托福阅读机经之真题测练.pdf
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