百利天下出国考试 > 托福 > 托福机经 > 2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测

[百利机经] 2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测

信息来源: 百利天下出国考试 发布时间:2017-12-29 直达下载地址

摘要:托福阅读机经包括2013-2015年的真题,而且还整理了阅读部分考查较多的词汇题。本文和大家分享2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测,希望对考生备考有帮助。

关键词:2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测,2018年1月13日托福考试机经预测
机经内容:

  在2017年百利天下托福机经收获了极高的命中率,也有很多用户跟我们反馈了命中的好消息。2018年,百利天下托福机经将继续为大家梳理实用和命中率高的机经内容。百利天下为考生准备了实用的真题测练以及阅读高频词汇汇总。机经内容非常完整,有英文原文、答案和阅读真题解析。此外,阅读真题和词汇题按照常考题型进行分类汇总,考生可以根据这份资料熟悉阅读真题和相关的词汇。2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测只展示了部分内容,获取完整机经内容,请登录后直接下载。

  2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测之真题测练(部分内容):

  ②2015-8-22CN The Upper Paleolithic Revolution

  P1: The Old Stone Age is the earliest period of human development and the longest phase of mankind’s history. It was not till around 30 thousand years ago (or 30 “kya") that the archaeological record reveals the emergence of technical and social advances, which comprised new technologies, hunting techniques, human burials, and an artistic tradition of astonishing competency. This dramatic change was known as the Upper Paleolithic Revolution. It had been traditionally argued that the Upper Paleolithic Revolution was an archaeological phenomenon exclusive to Eurasia. The absence of equivalent evidence in other regions suggested that a fundamental change had occurred in human intellectual development around 40 kya in Europe. However, the recent discovery in the Blombos Cave in South Africa of a block of decorated ochre and then sets of shell beads, dated to around 77 kya, opened up the debate. This supports other evidence of more versatile stone implements and bone tools found in Africa from the same period. Now the Upper Paleolithic Revolution is regarded as the most noticeable evidence for the evolution of modern human behavior.

  •P2: Two further questions follow. First, what was happening to the human cognitive process during the 40,000 years or so from innovative usage of stone in the Blombos Cave to the flourishing of human creativity in Europe? Second, during the Pleistocene a series of momentous climatic events occurred—was climate change then a component? The question of whether the sudden transition seen in Europe was built on earlier developments in Africa has been addressed at length by anthropologists Sally McBrearty and Alison Brooks. They argue that the whole issue of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution stems from a profound Eurocentric bias and a failure to appreciate the depth and breadth of the African archaeological record.

  In fact, many South African archaeological sites show that the revolution occurred in Africa during the Middle Paleolithic—tens of thousands of years before they appeared in Europe. This is supported by evidence of using new stone tools like the blade and microlithic technology. Replication has shown that blades from the time required a high level of skill to make due to their shape, indicating a higher level of hominid complexity. At the same time, exploitation of aquatic resources began to prosper.

  ………………

  题目:

  1. Why does the author mention a block of decorated ochre and sets of shell beads?

  A. To help make the point that archaeologists regard artistic creations as the highest kind of human achievement

  B. To illustrate how the discovery of certain objects makes the discovery of certain other objects more likely

  C. To give some of the evidence that has changed archaeologists' thinking about human intellectual development

  D. To help explain why archaeologists have been slow to recognize the importance of certain evidence available to them

  2. How far back in time do the origins of the more versatile stone implements and bone tools found in Africa go

  A. To around 40 kya

  B. To around 77 kya

  C. To the time of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution

  D. To a time before modern "human” behavior had begun to evolve

  3. The word "equivalent" in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. comprehensible

  B. concrete

  C. comparable

  D. widely debated

  2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测之高频词汇(部分内容):

词汇 同义词 释义
annihilate destroy 废止,毁灭
anticipate predict 预测
Apparent obvious 明显的,显而易见的
appreciate enjoy 欣赏
aptitude ability 能力,才能,天资
ardent enthusiastic 热情的
argument thesis 论点
as opposed to in contrast to 与…截然相反
assess evaluate 评价
assimilate recognize (在习俗、观念、性格)等方面同化
associate with connected to 与…有关
assume suppose 假定
astonishing surprising 令人惊讶的
attest to provide evidence of 证实
augment add to  增加
authority expert 专家,权威
autonomous independent 独立的
back up support 支持,援助
baffle puzzle 困惑的
barrier to impediment 障碍
burgeoning increasingly 增长迅速的
cease stop 停止
chaotic disorganize 混沌
cluster group
coalesce joint 使…联合;使…合并
coexist concurrent 共存
coincide with correspond to 符合;与...相一致
collapse fall inward 崩溃;倒塌
collate assemble 聚集
compact contract 收缩,压紧
comparative considerable 相当的
compatible coexisting 与……相容的
compelling persuasive 激发兴趣的

  以上是2018年1月13日托福考试阅读机经预测的部分内容,点击下载2018年1月13日托福考试机经完整内容,获取托福考试真题,让你熟悉和熟练掌握托福考试题目。本次机经真题较多,希望考生可以早做准备,从而预留出更多的时间来备考。

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2018年1月13日托福阅读机经之高频词汇.pdf 2018年1月13日托福阅读机经之真题预测及练习 1.pdf 2018年1月13日托福阅读机经之真题预测及练习 2.pdf
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