百利天下出国考试 > 托福 > 托福机经 > 2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测

[百利机经] 2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测

信息来源: 百利天下出国考试 发布时间:2018-05-26 直达下载地址

摘要:想要提高托福阅读水平,就要训练阅读速度和理解能力。2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测,每一篇都是取自托福阅读真题,平时做好储备,就能够在托福考试中轻松应对了。

关键词:2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测,2018年6月10日托福考试机经预测
机经内容:

  2018年百利天下托福机经将继续为大家梳理实用和命中率高的机经内容。托福机经不只是真题的汇总,更像是一份备考资料。而每一次百利机经的命中,小编觉得都是一种幸运,也希望把这份幸运带给每一位机经使用者。本文和大家分享2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测,包括阅读原文、题目、答案和参考译文,此外还针对高频词汇题,单独整理了一份机经内容。本文是2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测,真题内容较多,帮助考生逐一攻克。

  托福机经命中概况介绍:

  ①2017年百利托福机经收获很好的命中率。

  ②2018年1-4月份共进行了13次托福考试,而目前百利托福机经命中率持续提升。

  ③共计命中真题30次,写作16次,口语11次,词汇题57个。

  2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测(部分内容展示):

  真题来源:2015-8-22CN The Upper Paleolithic Revolution

  P1: The Old Stone Age is the earliest period of human development and the longest phase of mankind’s history. It was not till around 30 thousand years ago (or 30 “kya") that the archaeological record reveals the emergence of technical and social advances, which comprised new technologies, hunting techniques, human burials, and an artistic tradition of astonishing competency. This dramatic change was known as the Upper Paleolithic Revolution. It had been traditionally argued that the Upper Paleolithic Revolution was an archaeological phenomenon exclusive to Eurasia. The absence of equivalent evidence in other regions suggested that a fundamental change had occurred in human intellectual development around 40 kya in Europe. However, the recent discovery in the Blombos Cave in South Africa of a block of decorated ochre and then sets of shell beads, dated to around 77 kya, opened up the debate. This supports other evidence of more versatile stone implements and bone tools found in Africa from the same period. Now the Upper Paleolithic Revolution is regarded as the most noticeable evidence for the evolution of modern human behavior.

  •P2: Two further questions follow. First, what was happening to the human cognitive process during the 40,000 years or so from innovative usage of stone in the Blombos Cave to the flourishing of human creativity in Europe? Second, during the Pleistocene a series of momentous climatic events occurred—was climate change then a component? The question of whether the sudden transition seen in Europe was built on earlier developments in Africa has been addressed at length by anthropologists Sally McBrearty and Alison Brooks. They argue that the whole issue of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution stems from a profound Eurocentric bias and a failure to appreciate the depth and breadth of the African archaeological record.

  In fact, many South African archaeological sites show that the revolution occurred in Africa during the Middle Paleolithic—tens of thousands of years before they appeared in Europe. This is supported by evidence of using new stone tools like the blade and microlithic technology. Replication has shown that blades from the time required a high level of skill to make due to their shape, indicating a higher level of hominid complexity. At the same time, exploitation of aquatic resources began to prosper.

  •P3: Contrasted with this view of a spontaneous leap in cognition among ancient 一 humans, some authors like Alison S. Brooks, primarily working in African archaeology, point to the gradual accumulation of modern behaviors, starting well before the 50,000 year benchmark of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution models. The extraordinary range of rock art in Australia adds great weight to the idea that artistic creativity was part and parcel of the intellectual capacity of modem humans that migrated out of Africa around 70 kya For the time being, the emergence of Modern humans in sub-Saharan Africa, socio-economic dynamism that caused their expansion through the Nile Valley into the Near East, and then a migration along the southern route of Asia as far as Australia is the most plausible scenario, though it still leaves much to be desired from future archaeological research.

  •P4: The question of the sudden emergence of creative activity that appears to constitute the Upper Paleolithic Revolution falls to the ground. The obvious explanation is that the gap between African developments and the subsequent better-known European events is a matter of the limitations of the archaeological record. This does not altogether cover the question of why there was the sudden flowering of creativity at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe.

  It may be that earlier creative efforts have either been lost in or have yet to emerge from the mists of time. Recent finds of decorative pierced shells dating from 43 kya or even earlier in caves in parts of western Asia near Europe may be examples of a process extending the evidence back in time. The changes in human behavior have also been attributed to the changes in climate during the period, which encompasses a number of global temperature drops. This meant a worsening of the already bitter climate which hence forced the ancestors of today's Europeans to move into a largely unpopulated region, their sudden presence in the archaeological record appearing revolutionary.

  题目:

  1. Why does the author mention a block of decorated ochre and sets of shell beads?

  A. To help make the point that archaeologists regard artistic creations as the highest kind of human achievement

  B. To illustrate how the discovery of certain objects makes the discovery of certain other objects more likely

  C. To give some of the evidence that has changed archaeologists' thinking about human intellectual development

  D. To help explain why archaeologists have been slow to recognize the importance of certain evidence available to them

  2. How far back in time do the origins of the more versatile stone implements and bone tools found in Africa go

  A. To around 40 kya

  B. To around 77 kya

  C. To the time of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution

  D. To a time before modern "human” behavior had begun to evolve

  3. The word "equivalent" in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. comprehensible

  B. concrete

  C. comparable

  D. widely debated

  4. According to paragraph 2, what do archaeologists want to know about the climate?

  A. Whether it was a reason that humans lived in caves

  B. Whether it was stable throughout that period

  C. Whether it changed in similar ways in Africa and Europe

  D. Whether it was a factor in how the human cognitive process developed

  5. According to paragraph 2, anthropologists McBrearty and Brooks argue that archaeologists' traditional understanding of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution was flawed because

  A. they underestimated available African archaeological evidence.

  B. the archaeological evidence available to them contained errors.

  C. they could not distinguish artistic creations from objects meant for practical use.

  D. they based their judgments on the limited archaeological record available at that time.

  6. Anthropologists McBrearty and Brooks consider such components of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution as blade and microlithic technology to have

  A. first emerged in the Middle Paleolithic Period, in Africa rather than in Europe

  B. emerged in Europe independently in many different places at different times

  C. first emerged in Europe, then to have been further developed in Africa

  D. been part of a similarly sudden, but earlier, cultural revolution in Africa

  以上是2018年6月10日托福考试阅读机经预测的部分内容,点击下载2018年6月10日托福考试机经完整内容,获取托福考试真题,让你熟悉和熟练掌握托福考试题目。本次机经真题较多,希望考生可以早做准备,从而预留出更多的时间来备考。

  【相关托福机经推荐】:

  2018年6月2日托福考试口语机经预测

  2018年6月2日托福考试阅读机经预测

  2018年6月2日托福考试听力机经预测

  2018年6月2日托福考试写作机经预测

点击即可下载
2018年6月10日托福阅读机经之高频词汇.pdf 2018年6月10日托福阅读机经之真题预测及练习.pdf
  • 北京
  • 成都
  • 大连
  • 合肥
  • 西安
  • 武汉
  • 南京
  • 广州
  • 天津
010-5795-2000

北京总公司

全国统一咨询热线:010-5795-2000 工作时间:周一至周日(8:30-21:30) 地址:北京市海淀区中关村丹棱街3号 中国电子大厦B座15层

成都分公司

全国统一咨询热线:010-5795-2000 工作时间:周一至周日(8:30-21:30) 地址:四川省成都市锦江区红星路三段一号 IFS国际金融中心二号办公楼18层1811

大连分公司

全国统一咨询热线:010-5795-2000 工作时间:周一至周日(8:30-21:30) 地址:大连沙河口区黄河路620号现代服务业总部大厦19层 C2D1

合肥分公司

全国统一咨询热线:010-5795-2000 工作时间:周一至周日(8:30-21:30) 地址:安徽省合肥市蜀山区长江西路189号之心城写字楼环球中心A座17层1703

西安分公司

全国统一咨询热线:010-5795-2000 工作时间:周一至周日(8:30-21:30) 地址:陕西省西安市碑林区南关正街88号长安国际中心A座10层1001

武汉分公司

全国统一咨询热线:010-5795-2000 工作时间:周一至周日(8:30-21:30) 地址:武汉市洪山区珞瑜路10号群光二期写字楼34层01-10号
选址中
选址中
选址中

版权所有:北京环球百利教育科技有限公司

Copyright @ 2004-2018 Bailitop Education. All Right Reserved 备案许可证号:京ICP备11003081号 | 京公网安备11010802010640

打开微信

搜索“百利天下留学”

关注并回复“ZL

获取免费留学资料

考试资料下载

立即下载